Modified Food Starch
Modified Corn Starch
Red no 2
Undegraded carrageenan is considered safe by the FDA and it currently has the highest Accepted Daily Intake (ADI) status of ‘not specified’ by the Joint Expert Committee on Food Additives (JECFA) of the United Nations’ Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the World Health Organization (WHO).
If carrageenan is consumed in large amounts, some individuals may experience minor side effects such as flatulence and bloating. These types of reactions are due to fermentation by the intestinal microflora, in the same way as all indigestible polysaccharides.
As stated earlier, degraded carrageenan is considered dangerous because it is a known carcinogen (cancer-causing agent). It can cause ulcerations and cancers of the gastrointestinal tract. It is not permitted for use in foods.
HOW IS IT USED?
Carrageenan is used in many dairy products such as cream cheese, cottage cheese, skim milk, and yogurt as well as desserts and sweets such as custards, ice cream, milk shakes, pie fillings and chocolate products. Carrageenan is also used in salad dressings, sauces and soups as well as jellies, beer, diet sodas, pate and as a fat substitute in processed meats.
In addition to use as a food additive, carrageenan is also used in air freshener gels, toothpaste, fire fighting foam, shampoo, cosmetic creams and shoe polish. In biotechnology, carrageenan is used as a gel to immobilize cells/enzymes.